What is SANDACH and what is it for?

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By-products of animal origin not intended for human consumption –also known as SANDACH— are waste from food production processes with animal origin, either parts of the animal or the whole animal itself, intended for human consumption.

SANDACH includes products such as animal carcasses, fishing bait, meat, fish and bone meal, hunting trophies and animal fats, among others. Basically, materials that are generated in primary livestock production and in the animal food processing industries.

Those institutions dealing with SANDACH must have the relevant register -which will catalogue all the movements that take place- and must be controlled by the Competent Authority.

SANDACH - Category 1

This category corresponds to waste containing parts of the body of an animal –or a whole animal– which is suspected of being infected with infectious diseases or germs, which has been slaughtered as a health precaution, which has belonged to a zoo or circus, which belongs to a group intended for experimentation or from which prohibited substances have been removed.

This waste is disposed of by incineration or other methods or is destined for processing plants where it is processed and subsequently incinerated.

SANDACH - Category 2

This group contains by-products collected from manufacturing wastewater such as sludge, by-products exceeding authorised levels, products of animal origin declared unfit, by-products containing residues of contaminating substances, animals imported from third countries that do not comply with restrictions, and animals that have died naturally and have not been slaughtered.

These by-products also tend to be incinerated as long as, after processing, they are not used in organic fertilisers and soil improvers or for other technical uses, except in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and medical devices.

SANDACH - Category 3

This class consists of lower risk waste, i.e. animals or parts thereof that have been slaughtered and may be ingested by humans, but are not normally intended for human consumption. They do not usually show signs of communicable diseases and generally consist of blood, feathers, bones, skins, etc. They are not usually intended for consumption due to packaging or manufacturing defects, or for commercial reasons. Fish from industrial facilities or caught at sea for fishmeal production also belong to this category.

This waste can be processed, incinerated or transformed in technical plants and used as raw material in petfood factories.

The legal framework regulating animal by-products not intended for human consumption –SANDACH– at EU level is Regulation (EC) No 1069/2009.


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