How is the transportation of raw materials?

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First of all, it is important to determine what is considered raw material and what is not. Raw materials are those goods whose purpose is to be transformed during a production process until they become a consumer product; wood and minerals being clear examples of these.

They are not found everywhere, which is why their transportation is so essential and important. Such transportation does not always take place under the same circumstances, but depending on the type of merchandise being treated, its transfer will be more delicate.

To learn a little more about their treatment, it is important to know that there are two different types of raw materials: renewable and non-renewable. The first category includes materials that come from nature, such as animals (wool, meat, fish, etc.) and vegetables (grains, fruit, wood), which require constant regeneration. With regard to the second category, these are defined by their being the consequence of geological processes, i.e., by their capacity to rehabilitate themselves without human help. Non-renewable raw materials include metallic materials -such as aluminum-, minerals -such as stone or sand-, materials used in chemistry -such as salt- and energy materials -such as oil-.

1. Transport of renewable raw materials

As these are delicate and perishable materials, their transportation must comply with a series of cleaning and preservation requirements, such as the need in some cases for the vehicle to be refrigerated or isothermal and for the interior of the vehicle to be easily disinfected. 

2. Transport of non-renewable raw materials

As for non-renewable raw materials, some of them are dangerous -such as oil-, so it is necessary to follow a series of rules during their transportation, such as the route, which must always be far from large population centers to avoid possible accidents and to have the ADR permit if the goods require it.

The responsibility of the load is not only of the driver, but also of the sender and the receiver, who must provide the correct control documents for its guarantee. As a consequence of all this, it is important to take into account the type of cargo and the transport conditions in order to consolidate safety during the journey and its correct delivery.


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